Female infertility refers to the condition of the women’s inability to get pregnant naturally. Statistics show that approximately 48 million women are affected by this condition. Though, in some cases, infertility can be cured to an extent. In severe cases, women’s infertility cannot be cured. Infertility is diagnosed in most who have been trying to get pregnant for 12 or more than 12 months. Most infertile couples successfully get pregnant after 2 years of trying. Age plays a major factor in infertility. As the age grows the chances of getting pregnant decrease.
Every womens’ body is different. Similarly, the causes of infertility in women depend on various factors. Many women can also have unexplained reasons for infertility. Few factors of infertility
Uterus complications: Uterus can be related to various complications. Complications include endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and uterine cysts.
Fallopian tube problems: Fallopian tubes are passageways through which the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. These tubes can be blocked due to reasons like sexually transmitted diseases, growth of cysts, and pelvic inflammatory diseases.
Ovulating disorders: Ovulation usually happens every month. This is important for pregnancy. Ovulation can be interrupted due to various reasons like PCOS, hormonal problems, and thyroid can cause some serious problems with ovulation.
Egg quality: In some cases, the egg quality totally depends on the body of the female. A problematic quality egg can be deficient of various vital components required for the nourishment of the embryo. When the quality of the egg is not up to the standards according to the medical tests, the fertilized egg may result in miscarriage.
External factors like excessive consumption of alcohol and smoking cigarettes can make a great impact on one’s health. Autoimmune disorders like Lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, Hashimotos’ disease, and thyroid gland disorder can also be responsible for infertility. Cervical cancers, excess prolactin production, and nutrition can also be responsible for infertility. There is a social stigma revolving around infertility in society.
Age Impact on fertility:
A woman starts to menstruate and produce eggs from the age of 10 to 15 years. And as the age increases the production of eggs is gradually decreased. The quality of the eggs is also comparatively reduced. Women above the age of 35 are at greater risk for infertility. Women’s infertility is diagnosed through tests like pap tests, pelvic scans, pelvic ultrasounds, and unusual breast milk production. Family history of uterus problems can have higher risks in future generations for infertility problems. Through these examinations, a womans’ infertility is determined. Natural fertilization occurs when a mature egg comes out of the ovary and rests in the fallopian tube. And the sperm swims all the way up to the fallopian tube and enters the egg.
Although there are many problems linked with fertility. Science has become a boon to the people. With all the advancements it has developed a process called In-Vitro fertilization (IVF). Through this treatment, 95% of the people are successfully becoming happy parents even with complications.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF):
In Vitro fertilization has garnered a lot of attention in recent days. This has become a widely used treatment for people struggling to become parents. Due to the other health problems rising and risking womens’ health, infertility has become a huge problem in the world. Infertility can cause even mental trouble to people. Science has come forward in order to help the people facing this problem. One complete cycle of the IVF takes about three weeks of time.
In Vitro fertilization is a procedure of retrieving female eggs and fertilizing them with sperm in a lab. This involves a long process of diagnosis and examination. Diagnosis involves determining the quality of the egg and also the capability of the uterus to hold the baby. The test includes:
- blood sample testing.
- Vaginal ultrasound for the uterus.
Along with the females, male sperms are also tested through semen analysis for mobility and quality of the sperms. In case of male sperm being defective, you will be given an option to choose from the sperm bank. This is done only after the consent is provided by the females. Once the tests are performed, you will be prepared for medication. Medicines involve medication for ovulation stimulation, oocyte maturation, preventing premature ovulation, and preparing the lining of the uterus to nourish the embryo and the baby. In some women, the uterus may not have the potential to hold the baby. Some uterus may not develop the lining and the strength of the uterus may not be sufficient for the baby to fully develop. In such cases, surrogacy opts. Surrogacy is a legal process wherein you wish to transfer the embryo into a healthy womens’ body and the woman nourishes and grows the baby in the womb of the woman. This process is surrogacy and the woman who carries the baby for nine months is called a surrogate mother. This process entirely depends on the doctors’ recommendation. Even the surrogate mothers are chosen by the doctors. Both individuals will be required to go through legal procedures. Every treatment has complications involved. IVF also has some complications like multiple births.
Myths also exist in the treatment of IVF. Apart from these IVF is the best treatment known for its success rates. Infertility can also be treated by changing to a healthy lifestyle and making minute changes that reflect on your health.
Nutrition: Ensure to provide your body with all the necessary nutrients that are required to function properly. Deprivation of nutrients can affect hormone production.
Quitting smoking and alcohol consumption: Control the consumption of alcohol and tobacco smoking as they affect the body and cause long illness. The symptoms may be not visible at once, the damage builds up through the years.
Visit a gynecology specialist right away in case you experience any abnormality in your menstrual cycle or menstruation. Early detection of problems can aid in speedy recovery. Science has made almost everything possible. Talk to your doctor about all the possible ways to control the illness. Maintain a healthy lifestyle, it benefits you in the long run.